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Emotional Intelligence – An Introduction - High Quality PDF Ebook 23 Pages

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In general terms, Emotional Intelligence (EI) refers to the ability to perceive, control, and evaluate emotions – your own and those of other people. Emotional Intelligence is a relatively new area of study. Its earliest roots can be traced back to Darwin’s work on the importance of emotional expr...
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In general terms, Emotional Intelligence (EI) refers to the ability to perceive, control, and evaluate emotions – your own and those of other people. Emotional Intelligence is a relatively new area of study. Its earliest roots can be traced back to Darwin’s work on the importance of emotional expression for survival. In the 1900s, the issue of intelligence was discussed mainly in terms of cognitive aspects such as memory and problem-solving, although several influential researchers had begun to recognize the importance of noncognitive aspects. In 1920, E. L. Thorndike used the term “social intelligence” to describe the skill of understanding and managing other people. The term "Emotional Intelligence" is usually attributed to Wayne Payne's 1985 doctoral thesis, A Study of Emotion: Developing Emotional Intelligence, but mainstream media interest was really only piqued in 1995 after a Time magazine article on Daniel Goleman's bestseller, Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More Than IQ.

Peter Salovey and John D. Mayer have been the leading researchers on emotional intelligence since those days, and they define emotional intelligence as “the subset of social intelligence that involves the ability to monitor one's own and others' feelings and emotions, to discriminate among them and to use this information to guide one's thinking and actions”. Currently there are several different models proposed for the definition of EI, and researchers still disagree how the term should be used. Some think emotional intelligence can be learned and then strengthened, while others claim it is something you are born with. This field of study is growing so fast that researchers are constantly amending even their own definitions.


Three Main Definitions  Ability EI models  Mixed models of EI  Trait EI model Ability EI models – This is "the ability to perceive emotion, integrate emotion to facilitate thought, understand emotions and to regulate emotions to promote personal growth". 1. Perceiving emotions is the ability to spot and decipher emotions in faces, pictures, voices, and cultural artifacts. This represents a basic aspect of emotional intelligence, as it creates the opportunity for all other processing of emotional information to take place. 2. Using emotions is the ability to apply emotions to cognitive activities such as thinking and problem-solving. This allows the emotionally intelligent person to use their moods to better manage their lives. 3. Understanding emotions is how we interpret the language of emotion and thus are able to better manage complicated emotional relationships. 4. Managing emotions is the way we regulate our own emotions and those of other people so that we achieve optimum results. Mixed models of EI – This is the model introduced by Daniel Goleman that defines EI as a wide range of competencies and skills that drive leadership performance. There are four main tenets to this: 1. Self-awareness is the ability to understand your emotions, recognize their impact, and use them to inform decisions. 2. Self-management involves controlling your emotions and impulses and adapting to circumstances.


3. Social awareness is the ability to sense, understand, and react to the emotions of others within social situations. 4. Relationship management is the ability to inspire, influence, and connect with others, and to manage conflict. Trait EI model – Trait EI is "a constellation of emotion-related selfperceptions located at the lower levels of personality". Trait EI refers to an individual's own perceptions of their emotional abilities, as opposed to the ability-based model which refers to actual abilities. However, assessing actual abilities has proven highly resistant to scientific measurement, so the reality is that there may actually be little to choose between them. 

The Emotional Brain The emotional brain (EB) is that part of the human brain that generates emotions. The EB operates subconsciously, processing the same information that enters the conscious thinking brain (TB). Because the EB responds more quickly, we can find ourselves acting before we have applied any logic to our actions. That is left to the TB once the action has passed, and it may have no answer to give because gut reactions, despite their misnomer, originate in the emotional brain. In the last few years there has been an explosion of interest in the emotional functioning of the brain, and the areas responsible for the brain’s emotional responses have been termed the limbic system. The very term indicates that study of this sort remains on the periphery of accepted science, since “limbic” comes from the word “limbus”, which is Latin for “edge”. However, limbic also describes where these areas are believed to reside. The term “limbic system” was first used in 1952 to describe a set of functionally-related structures in the brain that border the midline and inner surface of each cerebral hemisphere. These structures were also called the “visceral brain”, as they were believed to be ancient parts of the brain inherited from lower mammals that primitive man used to mediate his behavior. Although this link with other species is now rejected, the concept of the limbic system controversially survives. Although there is no agreement over exactly which structures make up the limbic system, most researchers consider it to be various parts of the cerebral cortex (the layer of the brain often referred to as “gray matter” – the outer portion of the cerebrum) that are linked to a central core of structures lying below the cerebral cortex. These various sub-cortical areas then extend down through the core of the brain to the upper part of the brain stem. There is also disagreement over what function the limbic system has. Early notions relating it to emotion and motivation have been expanded to include the processing of sensory and cognitive information, learning and memory, sexual function as it relates to a reward system serving emotional reactions, and motor functions. It is also suggested that the limbic system is concerned with mentally integrating all functions that relate to our personal “experience” – what makes us who we are. Most modern brain research focuses on sensory and cognitive functions, because these processes are more amenable to objective study in the laboratory. It is clear, however, that the brain is far more than this. The goals, hopes, desires and fears that we have all originate in the brain, and our ability to express emotions is a fundamental form of behavior. It is equally clear that our “emotional brain” influences the decisions made by our “thinking brain”, and vice versa.


Contents

 Legal Disclaimers & Notices ............................................................................2 Contents.............................................................................................................3 Introduction To Emotional Intelligence ............................................................4 The Emotional Brain .........................................................................................7 How To Strengthen Your EI And Increase Your IQ........................................13 Strategies For Self-Awareness.........................................................................15 10 Exercises To Strengthen Your Team’s EI...................................................20 Final Thoughts.................................................................................................23

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